Browse the selected waste definitions and find related ERC Success Stories.

Consumer Packaged Goods – CPG

Consumer Packaged Goods, CPG, includes companies and brands that develop, promote and sell consumer products such as food and beverage, health and beauty, and household cleaning products. CPG is highly competitive, valued at over $2 trillion, and favors innovative products that quickly adapt to changing consumer taste and trends. Co-packing and private label manufacturing has become popular for startup and established CPG companies because it significantly reduces capital equipment costs to manufacture, and allows for quick product changes to adapt to consumer change.

Fats, Oils, and Grease

Fats, oils, and grease occur in wastewater from various manufacturing processes – ranging from metal finishing to food and beverage. FOGs wastewater limits are regulated by federal, state and local authorities. Violations in fats, oils and grease discharge regulations can result in fines and penalties.

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste has 4 characteristics: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity. RCRA, passed in 1976, is a regulatory framework that helps hazardous waste generators and processing facilities properly manage, transport, treat, stabilize, repurpose, or dispose of hazardous wastes. Even with detailed guidance from the EPA, hazardous waste regulations can be difficult to understand. Additionally, hazardous waste disposal costs are significantly more costly than non hazardous solid waste. Watch how ERC Midwest’s ACT Process can help hazardous waste generators reduce hazardous waste disposal costs and liabilities.

Heavy Metals

Heavy metals are metals with high densities, that must be removed to acceptable levels from wastewater to comply with federal, state and local regulations for wastewater treatment and discharge. Heavy metals in wastewater may occur from manufacturing or industrial processes that use water in the production process of these metal products. Some heavy metals include Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Nickel, Zinc, Lead, and Mercury.

Plating Operations

Plating operations improve metal parts and components because it improves: corrosion resistance, strength, appearance and other desirable benefits. Plating adheres a thin, protective metal layer. The common types of plating are chrome plating, copper plating, gold plating, nickel plating, silver plating, rhodium plating, and zinc plating.

Production Shutdown

Production shutdown occurs when companies stop production for planned events, such as a systems upgrades or scheduled maintenance such as cleaning sludge pits, cleaning mixing tanks or water blasting tank booths. Unscheduled production shutdowns such as wastewater holding tank overflows, power outages, or solidified mixing tanks, are unwanted events that delay product, and cost a company significant revenue loss because product is not moving out the door. Read how we helped a company keep production online during a power outage.


Recycling is converting waste into new products or materials. Examples of recycling industrial waste include spent acids for wastewater treatment, high BTU waste for cement kilns, steel 55 gallon drums for metal recycling, plastic IBU tote cleaning for reuse, and oil tank bottoms for fuel.

Vacuum Trucks

Vacuum trucks are industrial trucks, with a large volume tank and high powered pump mounted to the truck chassis or trailer, designed to vacuum liquids and sludges from wastewater holding tanks, sludge pits, settling ponds, and other industrial process where liquid and sludge must be removed offsite for treatment or disposal. Federal limits are 80,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. Learn how we mobilized our ERC Midwest’s Vacuum Trucks to prevent a client’s plant shutdown.


Wastewater generated from industrial or commercial operations may contain heavy metals, fats, oils, and greases. The municipal treatment facilities are usually not equipped to properly treat wastewater with these contaminants. As a result the EPA, state and/or local authorities have instituted requirements for properly treating wastewater to remove contaminants before discharging wastewater into the sanitary sewer.

Wastewater Discharge Violations

Wastewater discharge violations are imposed by the local governing body that enforces the federal, state and local regulations of wastewater management. Manufacturers that operate on-site pre-treatment wastewater treatment operations are subject to fines and penalties for violations under the Clean Water Act. Due to the complications of industrial wastewater treatment, costs, criminal liability, and the variance that can occur with heavy metals, fats, oils and greases in industrial wastewater, many companies choose to outsource wastewater treatment. Learn about ERC Midwest’s transportation and offsite wastewater treatment.

WasteWater Treatment System

Wastewater treatment systems help companies that use water in manufacturing or industrial processes. In the manufacturing or industrial process the water becomes contaminated with different substances, such as heavy metals, fats, oils, greases, and solvents. The EPA has requirements that companies must remove contaminants from the wastewater with an onsite waste water treatment system or transport the wastewater offsite for treatment. Learn about ERC Midwest’s Wastewater Treatment Systems.